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—uf.a ñksh mqÉpkak” leïmia tfla lsisu <fulag uf.a wjux.,Hhg iyNd.s fjkak bv fokak tmd”˜ – kjl joh ksid fuf;la Èú wysñ jQ msßi 14 hs” ljqre;a fkdokak ìysiqKQ kjl jofha wudkqIsl l;dkaorh

—fu;k b|,d wr fmak u,a rjqu .djg hk­l,a miai me;af;ka ,sh­msh ku’ fï wy.x” mdr rE, úÈ­yg ys;mx’ rE, msfrkav wl=re ,shkak ´kE’ ,shk wl=re ug f;afr­kak;a ´kE’ ,shk .ux f;da tajd yhs­fhka lshkav ´kE’ wka;su wl=r u,a rjqu <Õska bjr fjkak ´kE˜

hkq­fjka úYaj úoHd­,­hg msú­fik kj­l­hkag kj­l­j­oh fok whqre i|­yka ù ;snqfKa ir;a úfÊ­iQ­ß­hf.a ‘;lai­,dfõ ksh­Õh’ flá­l­;d­fõh’

;lai­,dfõ ksh­Õh flá­l­;dj uf.a u;­l­hg ke.=fKa ld,­fhka ld,­hg ysi Ti­jk ir­iú kj­l­j­oh kej­;;a lr­<s­hg meñ­Œ­u;a iu­Õsks’

fujr th jd¾;d jkafka fmard­fo­‚h ir­i­úfha bxð­fkare mSG­fhks’ bxð­fkare mSGfha 2 jeks jif¾ isiqkaf.a wOH­hk mdG­ud­,dj miq­.sh 16 jeksod isg ;dj­ld­,s­lj kj;d oud ;sfnkafka fojeks jif¾ isiqka m<uq jif¾ isiqkag kj­l­j­oh §fï isÿ­ùï i,ld ne,S­fuka miq­jh’

fojeks jif¾ isiqkag fkajd­is­ld­.d­r­j­,ska mjd bj;a jk f,i okajd we;s w;r m<uq jif¾ isiqkag iy fojeks jir yer fiiq wOH­hk j¾I­j, isiqkag wOH­hk lg­hq;= idudkH mßÈ meje;afõ’

kj­l­j­oh fyj;a ‘/.a’ fya;=­fjka ir­iú jid oeuqKq wjia:d wmg wi­kakg ,efnkafka jrla foj­rla fkdfõ’ j¾;­ud­kfha th idudkH isoaê­hla njg m;aù we;’ isÿ­jk tlu fjki th fmard­fo­‚h” le,­‚h” reyqK” in­r­.­uqj” jhU” rc­rg hkd§ jY­fhka fjk­iaùu mu‚’

,xldfõ úYaj­ú­oHd, wdr­ïN­h;a iuÕ ‘/.a’ fyj;a kj­l­j­oh olakg ,enqK nj jd¾;d jqj;a tl, ,nd­ÿka kj­l­j­oh wud­kq­Isl fkdjQ nj me/­kakkaf.a u;­hhs’

fkd.e­<­fmk j¾K­j­,ska idß yd yeÜg we£u” ghs máh fn,a, msgq­m­ig lr .eg .eiSu” fmd;a ysi u; ;nd­f.k hEu” im;a;= lf¾ t,a,d­f.k hEu” kdgH cj­ks­ld­jla rÕ­oe­laùu jeks kj­l­jo ;=<ska tod fcHIaG­hka fukau kj­l­hka o úfkda­od­iajd­o­hla ,nd ;sfí’

—uu fmard­fo­‚h úYaj­ú­oHd­,­hg .sfha 1957 §’ ta ldf,a ug /.a tlg ÿkafka .S;­hla .dhkd lrkak’ b;ska uu fïih Wv ke.,d fma%u­fhka uk­rx­ð; ‌fõ .S;h iïmQ­¾K­fhka .dhkd l<d’ uu lshmq iskaÿj wymq fcHIaG­hka lsõjd uQ kï lj­o­yß *iaÜ la,dia tlla .y­kjd lsh,d˜ hkq­fjka tod ;snQ kj­l­j­oh .ek isys­m;a lf<a iïud­ks; uyd­pd¾h fÊ’î’ Èid­kd­h­lh’

óg wu­;­rj kj­l­j­oh uqjd­fjka ;u is;e­.s­j­,g u. mdod .;a wdld­rh .ek o Tyq úia;r lf<a fldla y~,d iskd­fi­ñks’

—ta ldf,a fcHIaG­hka wmsg u,la §,d .Ekq <u­h­l=j fmkak,d lsh­kjd ta u, §,d ku wy­f.k tkak lsh,d‍’ uu fcHIaG­hka ug lsõfj ke;s­j;a fndre­jg u,la wr­f.k uu leue;s .Ekq <u­h­l=g §,d ku wy­f.k l;d lr,d tkjd˜ hkq­fjka mejiQ iïud­ks; uyd­pd¾h fÊ’î’ Èid­kd­hl w;S­;d­j­¾c­kh lr­ñka th wdiajd­o­kh lf<ah‍’

tfy;a wo jk­úg kj­l­j­oh iene­úka u kj­l­hkag jo­hla ù we;‍’ wo th l%Er jo ysxid iy wud­kq­Isl ;dvk mSvk olajd ú;eka ù ;sfí’ wo kj­l­j­ofha úfkda­o­hla ke;’ we;eï úg kj­l­j­oh fl<­jr jkafka ur­K­fhks’ kj­l­j­oh fya;=­fjka iod­ld­,sl wdnd­ê; ;;a;aj­hg m;aù tu ksidu ur­Kh je,­|­.;a isÿ­ù­ula jY­fhka uq,a jrg wi­kakg ,enqfKa rEmd r;ak­iS­,sf.a isoaê­hhs‍’

lr­kafo­‚h uy­ta­oKav .%dufha mÈxÑ rEmd r;ak­iS,s fmard­fo­‚h lDIs­l¾u mSG­hg we;=­<;a jQfha 1975 ji­f¾§ h’ kj­l­j­oh §ug fcHIaG­hka meñ­fKk úg Tjq­kaf.ka fíÍu i|yd rdu­kd­oka fkajd­is­ld­.d­rfha Wvq uy­,ska ìug mek .;a wE frdao mqgq­jg jegqfKa iod­ld­,sl wdnd­ê­;­hl= fjñks’

wef.a ir­iú isys­kh fnd| úh’ n,d­fmd­frd;a;= iqka ùfuka we;s jQ lk­iai,a, fya;=­fjka u wj­id­kfha § wE 2002 jif¾ frdao mqgq­fjka u f.dia <s|g mek ish Èú ydks lr­.­;a;dh’

fmard­fo­‚h ir­i­úfha bxð­fkare mSGfha kjl YsIH jr­m%­ldYa ñh .sfha kj­l­j­ofha § ,enQ oreKq jo ysxid fya;=­fjks’ ta 1997 § h’ reyqKq ir­i­úfha oñkao mqxÑ­fyajd iy le¨‍ï ;=Idr jks­.­;=x. kj­l­j­o­hg Ndc­kh ù Èú wysñ jQ ;j;a fofo­kls’

2015 ji­f¾§ mkaks­ms‍áfha mÈxÑ wud,s p;=­ßld f., je,­<d­f.k ñh .sfha kj­l­j­oh ksid we;sjQ udk­isl jHdl+­,­;dj ksidh’

in­r­.­uqj úYaj úoHd­,fha 2 jeks jif¾ bf.­kqu ,enQ wud,s p;=­ßld ñh hEug fmr ,sms­hla ,shd wef.a uD;­foa­yh ne,S­ug in­r­.­uqj ir­i­úfha <uqkag bv fkdfok f,i b,a,S­ula lr ;sî­fuka in­r­.­uqj úYaj­ú­oHd­,fha kj­l­j­o­fhka wE ,enQ mSvdj ukdj .uH fõ’

fuu ld,­lKa‚ kj­l­j­oh ksid Èú wys­ñjQ wh 14 ls’ 2015 – 2016 jif¾ kjl isiq isiq­ú­hka 1352 la o 2016 – 2017 jif¾ 637 la o 2017 – 2018 j¾Ifha 2000 la o ir­iú yer f.dia isákafka kj­l­j­oh ksid h’

uE; Nd.fha ixLHd­f,a­L­k­j, fufia ig­yka jqj o 1970 jif¾ isg 2000 jir olajd j¾I 30 l ld,h uq¿,af,a kj­l­j­oh ksid ir­iú yer f.dia isák msßi 108 la nj uyd­pd¾h kkao­fiak r;ak­md, ish jd¾;d­jl fmkajd§ ;sfí’

Tyqf.a ió­laIK jd¾;d­jg wkqj fulS oYl ;=kl ld,h mqrd nr­m­;< wdld­r­hg kj­l­j­o­hg f.dÿ­rejQ YsIH msßi 1097 ls’

reyqKq ir­i­úfha kj­l­j­oh bjid .; fkdye­lsj úoHd mSGfha iqmqka isiqjd wdmk Yd,dfõ cfka­,­h­lska wä 20 la my­<g mekS­fuka nr­m­;< ;=jd, ,nd ud;r frday­,g we;=­<;a l< mqj­;la jd¾;d jQfha 2007 §h’ Bg wu­;­rj fcHIaG­hkaf.a my­r­§ï fya;=­fjka kjl isiqka 5 fokl= ud;r frday­,g we;=­<;a lr ;snqfKa tu ld,­fha­§­uh’

fï wdld­r­hg kjl jo­hg f.dÿ­re­ùu ksid frday­,a.; lrkq ,nk kjl isiqyq iy wdnd­ê; ;;a;aj­hg m;ajk isiqyq wm w;r isá;s’ miq­.sh jif¾ c’mqr ir­i­úfha wOHd­m­kh ,enQ kjl YsIH mis÷ ysreId‍kaf.a ysig gh­r­hla fmr­<S­fuka Tyq ;j­u;a wdnd­ê; ;;a;ajfha miq­fjhs’

wdK­u­vqj iu­.s­.u mÈxÑ W¿­j­vqf.a wixl iïm;a nKavdr hdm­kh úYaj­ú­oHd­,fha l<­u­kd­l­rK mSG­hg f;areKq kuqÿ ir­iú wOHd­m­k­hg wdhq­fnda­jka lSfõ kj­l­j­o­fha§ ,enQ oreKq jo ysxid bjid .; fkdyels ksidh’

reyqKq ir­i­úfha j;ai,d l=uq­ÿkS o is,ajd iakdhq wdnd­O­h­lg ,lajQfha kj­l­j­oh ksidh’

kj­l­j­oh ,nd­ÿka fcHIaG isiqka y÷­kd­f.k fmd,sia w;aw­vx­.=­jg m;a lr Widú oud Tjqkag o~q­jï ÿka wjia:d o wi­kakg ,efí’ kj­l­j­oh md,­kh lr .ekS­ug fkdye­lsj úYaj­ú­oHd­,­j, wOH­hk lg­hq;= kj;d ouk wjia:d o ;sfí’

we;eï úg úYaj­ú­oHd, wdpd­¾h­j­reka wOH­hk lg­hq­;=­j­,ska bj­;ajkafka kj­l­j­oh fok isiqkag mdv­ula lshd §u­gh’ tfy;a Tjqka mdvï bf.­k­.kakd mdgla ke;’ kjl jo­hg ‍f.dÿrejQ fÄo­kSh isÿ­ùï iy ir­iú yer hk isiqka Èfkka Èk jeä­fjkafka tne­úks’

ir­iú jid oeó­fuka isiqkaf.a wOHd­mk lg­hq;= wv­mK ùu .ek kj­l­j­oh fok isiqkag j.la ke;’ Tjqkaf.a YsIH Ndjh wfydais lsÍu jeks o~q­jï ÿkaúg isÿ lrkq ,nk tlu l%shd­ud­¾.h YsIH­Nd­jh ,nd­fok f,i fyda mx;s ;y­ku bj;a lrk f,i b,a,d j¾c­kh lsÍu iy Woaf>da­I­Kh lsÍu mu‚’

kj­l­j­oh ì%;dkH” m%xih” wefu­ß­ldj jeks rg­j­,aj, olakg ,enqfKa óg hq. .K­kd­j­lg fmrh’ 1820 § ,kavka kqjr lska.aia úoHd­,fha kj­l­hka ms<s­.e­kS­fï§ Wiq¿ úiq¿ lr c, myr .eiQ njg jd¾;d fõ’

wm%s­ldkq f.da;%s­l­hka <u­hl= ;re­K­hl= njg m;aù­fï§ iq¿ iq¿ Wiq¿ úiq¿ iajrE­mh /.;a hd;= l¾u ^ritual& l< w;r tu hd;= l¾u­j, ,laIK ì%;d­kHfha kj­l­j­oh ;=< ;snQ nj uyd­pd¾h kkao­fiak r;ak­md, i|­yka lr we;’

wud­kq­Isl jo ysxid we;=­<;a kj­l­j­oh ìysù ;sfnkafka mSv­kh yd iud­cd­kq­fhda­c­kfha ÿ¾j­,;d ksid nj Tyq ;j­ÿ­r­g;a olajd ;sfí’ w;S­;fha ore­jka ksoe,af,a ye§ jeã fl<s­fo­f<ka ld,h .; lr­ñka wOHd­m­kh ,enQ­j;a j¾;­ud­kfha ore­jka Ôj;a jkafka kso­yi iSud jQ jg­ms­gd­j­lh’

bf.­kqu ,nkafka ;r­.­ldÍ wOHd­mk l%u­hl isr­.; ùfuks’ wfka­l­úO ÿla lïl­fgd¨‍ ueo úYaj­ú­oHd­,­hg msú­iq­K;a fndaäï m%Yak” wdydr m%Yak jeks oy­i­l=;a m%Yak ueo wOHd­m­kh ,nk ir­iú isiqka msß­ila o isá;s’

Tjqkaf.a mSv­kh yd iud­cd­kq­fhda­c­kfha wvq­mdvq by< hk­úg kj­l­j­oh o l=ßre wud­kq­Isl jo­hla f,i j¾O­kh jk nj uyd­pd¾h kkao­fiak r;ak­md, meye­È,s lr ;sfí’

kj­l­j­o­hg tfrys jkakkag w;aú­¢­kakg isÿ­jk jo ysxid o iq¿­mgq ke;’ ch­j­¾O­k­mqr ir­i­úfha fojeks jif¾ bf.­kqu ,enQ ´’ù’ iuka; 2002 jif¾ ur­K­hg m;ajQfha kj­l­j­oh §fï isoaê­hla iïn­kaO­fhka foms­ß­ila w;r we;sjQ .egq­u­lsks’ kj­l­j­o­hg úre­oaOjQ fmard­fo­‚h ir­i­úfha fojeks jif¾ ffjoH isiqka fofo­k­l=g uer m%yd­r­hla t,a, ùfuka fmard­fo­‚h frday­,g we;=­<;a l< m%jD­;a;s­hla 2009 iema;e­ïn¾ 04 Èk mqj­;am­;aj, m< úh’

kj­l­j­ofha we;s lDDr­;ajh iy wud­kq­Is­l­;ajh ksidu th je ig­yfka oelafjk wdld­r­hg wOHd­mk wdh­;­k­j­,ska kj­l­j­oh iy fjk;a iajrE­mfha idy­isl l%shd o lDDr wud­kq­Isl iy kskaÈ; ie,­lSï o ;=rka lsÍu i|yd jQ mk­;la f,i olajd we;’

mkf;a w¾: oelaù­ug wkqj kj­l­j­oh hkq wOHd­mk wdh­;­k­hl YsIH­h­l=g fyda ld¾hh uKav­,fha idud­ð­l­h­l=g YdÍ­ßl fyda udk­isl ydks­hla fyda udk­isl fõo­kd­jla fyda ìhla isÿ lrk fyda isÿ lsÍ­ug bv we;s hï l%shd­jls’ 1978 wxl 16 ork úYaj úoHd, mk; hg­;g .efkk ish­¨‍u Wiia wOHd­mk wdh­;k óg wod­<fõ’

fuu mkf;a 2 jeks j.­ka;sh wkqj ufya­ia;%d­;aj­r­hl= bÈ­ßfha mj­;ajk kvq úNd­.­h­lska jir 2 – 10 olajd isr­o­~q­jï kshu lsÍfï n,­hla ;sfí’ tfiau úkaÈ­;­hkag jkaÈ uqo,a ,nd­.e­kS­ug o yels­hdj we;’

kj­l­j­ofha ïf,aÉP­;ajh .ek ksr­ka;­r­fhka wi­kakg ols­kakg ,efnk ld,­hl nqoaêh mÍlaId l< wmQre kj­l­j­o­hla .ek ál l,­lg fmr jd¾;d­jQfha fmard­fo­‚h ir­i­ú­fhks’

lsß­¢­je, rod­jdfka isg ir­i­ú­hg .sh isiq­ú­hl fuhg uqyq­K§ ;sì‚’ wef.a .u rod­jdk hehs lsõ úg fcHIaG isiqka úiska rod­jdfka Wmka uy­.­u­fia­lr” fla’ ch­;s­,l iy lkaks­u­yr iqux­., ysñ .ek m%Yak lr we;’

bka wk­;=­rej fialr iy fla’ ch­;s­,l rpkd l< lD;s kï lrk f,i okajd ;sfí’ fla’ ch­;s­,l ,shQ pß; ;=kla kj­l­;dfõ ku tlS fg,s­kdgH kerUQ ksid u;­lfha ;sî mej­iqj o uy­.­u­fia­l­rf.a lsisu lD;s­hl kula wehg lshd .ekS­ug yelsù ke;’ wj­id­kfha § fcHIaG­hka wehg mjid ;sfnkafka fial­rf.a fmd;aj, kï welai­hsia fmd;l ig­yka lr fkdf.k úYaj­ú­oHd­,h me;a;­g­j;a fkdme­ñ­fKk f,i­ghs’

wE ish .fï msysá fla’ ch­;s­,l wkq­iau­rK mqia;­ld­,h fj; f.dia ;snqfKa kjl jo­fhka fíÍ­u­g;a jvd wE flfrys Wmka ,eÊcd­fjka nj wE tys fiaj­l­hl= iuÕ mej­iS­ug ;rï ksy­;­udkS jQjdh’

tfy;a fujeks iqkaor kj­l­jo .ek j¾;­ud­kfha wi­kakg fkd,e­fnk ;rïh’ ta fjkq­jg ksr­ka;­r­fhka wi­kakg ,efnkafka wYS­,d­pdr” kskaÈ; kjl jo­h­kauh’ úYaj úoHd, wOHd­m­kh Èk ksh­u­hla fkdue­;sj l,a .; jk­úg msgq­m­ig hefjkafka ir­iú ore­jkaf.a ;reK Ôú; fkdfõo@

iq¿ msß­i­lf.a wud­kq­Isl l%shd­jka ksid iuia; úYaj­ú­oHd, m%cd­j­f.au Ôú; ‘/.a’ úh hq;= ke;’ wdr­laIl wxY úiska úYaj­ú­oHd, ;=< nqoaê wxY ks,­Od­Íka fho­ù­ug ;Sr­Kh lr ;sfnkafka tne­úks’

md;d, u¾o­kh iy u;al=vq u¾o­kh i|yd msh­jr .;a ck­m;s f.daGd­Nh rdc­mlaI úiska wdr­laIl f,al­ïj­r­hdg okajd ;sfnkafka úYaj­ú­oHd, ;=< ms<s­,­hla f,i j¾O­kh jk kj­l­j­oh keje­;aù­ug l%shd­ud¾. .kakd f,i­gh’

úYaj úoHd, hkq Bg wdfõ­‚l ixialD­;s­hla iys; kso­yia ;ekls’ fuu kso­yi j,anQre kso­y­ila njg m;a lr .;af;a ir­iú isiq­kaf.ka w;­f<d­iaila fokdh’ úYaj úoHd, moaO­;s­hg rdcH nqoaê wxY ks,­Od­Íka ueÈ­y­;ajkafka Tjq­kaf.au jr­Èks’

wkd­.­;­fha§ ïf,aÉP kj­l­j­o­hg jeg ne‍fËk f;la iuia; ck­;d­ju oEia o,ajd n,d isákafka Tjqkaf.a ore­jkaf.a wkd­.­;h iqn­odhs wkd­.­;­hla lr .ekSfï wfma­laId­fjks’

y¾Id iq.;odi úiska ,shQ ,smshls’
fuu ,smsfha iïmQ¾K Wmqgd .ekSu ˜‍is¿ñK˜‍ mqj;amf;ka”

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